Today in History for 12th July 2021

Historical Events

1850 – Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
1934 – US Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned
1944 – Theresienstadt Family camp disbands, with 4,000 people gased
1962 – Rolling Stones 1st performance (Marquee Club, London)
1967 – Race riot in Newark, New Jersey, 26 killed, 1,500 injured and over 1,000 arrested
2018 – World’s longest fingernails cut off; Shridhar Chillal’s nails measured 909.6cm after growing for 66 years

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Famous Birthdays

1821 – Daniel Harvey Hill, Confederate General (American Civil War), born in York District, South Carolina (d. 1889)
1870 – Louis II [Louis Honoré Charles Antoine Grimaldi], Prince of Monaco, born in Baden-Baden, Germany (d. 1949)
1897 – Fred Enke, American College basketball coach (University of Arizona 1925–1961, record 522–344), born in Olmsted County, Minnesota (d. 1985)
1932 – Harold William Woolhouse, British botanist, born in Sheffield (d. 1996)
1972 – Jake Wood, English actor
1972 – Tibor Benedek, Hungarian water polo player (Olympic gold 2000, 04, 08; World C’ship gold 2003) and coach (Hungary 2013-16), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2020)

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Famous Deaths

1749 – Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois, Governor of New France
1804 – Alexander Hamilton, US Founding Father and 1st Secretary of the Treasury (1789-95), killed by Vice President Aaron Burr in pistol duel near Weehawken at 49
1845 – Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian poet (Creation, Humanity, and Messiah) and author, dies at 37
1850 – Robert Stevenson, Scottish civil engineer (Bell Rock Lighthouse, Scotland), dies at 78
1996 – Gottfried von Einem, Austrian composer, mainly of opera (Der Prozeß – The Trial), dies at 78
2000 – Charles Merritt, Canadian Army officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross during World War II, dies at 98

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